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Gay, Lesbian and Homosexual Studies: Home


Gay, Lesbian and Homosexual Studies

Scope Note

Gay and lesbian studies is the examination, analysis and interpretation of phenomenon characterized by romantic and affectional preference by individuals for others of the same sex. It is by nature cross-disciplinary, covering a wide range of intellectual bases: literature, history, religion, psychology, sociology, philosophy, anthropology, medicine, law, fine arts and others.(Sources:)

Internet Sites

Series: LGBT America: A Theme Study of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer History                                                    "The LGBTQ Theme Study is a publication of the National Park Foundation for the National Park Service and funded by the Gill Foundation. Each chapter is written and peer-reviewed by experts in LGBTQ Studies." - National Park Service, US Dept. of Interior, 2019                            

The Incommensurability of the "Transnational" in  Queer African Studies                                                                                           "Queer studies in the global North has inspired growing research on gender and sexual variance in the global South, yet it has framed issues in the language of post-industrial societies that does not address African needs. Queer African studies has emerged since the early 2000s. Scholars have not only contested the "homosexuality as un-African" myth; they have also documented indigenous same-sex sexual practices throughout the African continent and adopted Afrocentric perspectives in their works, resisting the imperialism of Eurocentric and US-based queer studies." - Currier, A., and Migraine-George, T.,2018 

Does Queer Studies Have an Anti-Empiricism Problem?                                                                                                                           "This article responds to Lisa Duggan's "The Discipline Problem: Queer Theory Meets Lesbian and Gay Studies" (1995), which was published in an early issue of GLQ. In arguing queer theory's disinterest in empirical research in the 1990s, Duggan's article seems to anticipate Laura Doan, Valerie Traub, and Heather Love's recent critiques of queer studies' anti-empiricism. However, although ostensibly in line with Duggan's argument, most of this recent work lacks Duggan's attention to how specific institutional practices give shape to the field. In emphasizing discursive debates over material institutional practices, I argue that queer studies scholars often produce stories about queer studies that are strikingly at odds with what the field actually looks like on an institutional level." - SCorbman, R., 2019

Foucault and Queer Theory (Postmodern Encounters Series)                                                                                                               "Michel Foucault is the most gossiped-about celebrity of French poststructuralist theory. The homophobic insult 'queer' is now proudly reclaimed by some who once called themselves lesbian or gay. What is the connection between the two?This is a postmodern encounter between Foucault's theories of sexuality, power and discourse and the current key exponents of queer thinking who have adopted, revised and criticised Foucault. Our understanding of gender, identity, sexuality and cultural politics will be radically altered in this meeting of transgressive figures."- Spargo, T., 2000

Gay, Lesbian, and Queer Studies                                                                                                                                                                  "Gay, lesbian, and queer studies are separate but related fields of cultural inquiry that attempt to establish the analytical centrality of gender and sexuality within a particular area of investigation. Significant works in the field of gay, lesbian, and queer studies have been undertaken in a variety of disciplines, such as philosophy, history, anthropology, sociology, psychology, classics, law, government, art, literature, popular culture, family, and education." - Kaczorowski, C., 2015

Queer Studies in the House of Anthropology                                                                                                                                               "This review examines anthropological research on sexuality published in English since 1993, focusing on work addressing lesbian women, gay men, and transgendered persons, as well as on the use of history, linguistics, and geography in such research. Reviewing the emergence of regional literatures, it investigates how questions of globalization and the nation have moved to the forefront of anthropological research on questions of sexuality. The essay asks how questions of intersectionality, inclusion, and difference have shaped the emergence of a queer anthropology or critical anthropology of sexuality, with special reference to the relationship between sexuality and gender." - Boellstorff, T., 2007

The Normalization of Queer Theory                                                                                                                                                          "Queer" is such a simple, unassuming little word. Who ever could have guessed that we would come to saddle it with so much pretentious baggage - so many grandiose theories, political agendas, philosophical project, apocalyptic meaning?" - Halperin, D., 2003

Beyond "Homophobia": Thinking About Sexual Prejudice and Stigma in the Twenty-First Century                                                "George Weinberg’s introduction of the term homophobia in the late 1960s challenged traditional thinking about homosexuality and helped focus society’s attention on the problem of anti-gay prejudice and stigma. This paper briefly describes the history and impact of homophobia. The term’s limitations are discussed, including its underlying assumption that anti-gay prejudice is based mainly on fear and its inability to account for historical changes in how society regards homosexuality and heterosexuality as the bases for social identities. Although the importance of Weinberg’s contribution should not be underestimated, a new vocabulary is needed to advance scholarship in this area. Toward this end, three constructs are defined and discussed: sexual stigma (the shared knowledge of society’s negative regard for any nonheterosexual behavior, identity, relationship, or community), heterosexism (the cultural ideology that perpetuates sexual stigma), and sexual prejudice (individuals’ negative attitudes based on sexual orientation). The concept of internalized homophobia is briefly considered" - Herek, G., 2004

Biological and Psychosocial Correlates of Adult Gender-Variant Identities: A Review                                                                           "This article reviews research on biological and psychosocial factors relevant ot the etiology of gender-variant identities. There is evidence for a genetic component of gender-variant identities through studies of twins and other within-family concordance and through studies of specific genes. - Veake, J., Clarke, D., and Lomax, T., 2009

The Gay Generation Gap                                                                                                                                                                               "Forty years after Stonewall, the gay movement has never been more united. So why do older gay men and younger ones often seem so far apart?" - Harris, M., 2009

The Gay Generation Gap                                                                                                                                                                                 "The world today for gay 20-year-olds is almost unrecognizable turf for those who came out in the 1970s. If one had any expectations of offering them advice, or being a father or mother figure, or even feeling that your experiences are relevant forget it. If I didn't already have this sense, all I needed to do was read the article in The Grid about the "post mo" lives of young gays that makes my experience redundant. And perhaps Gay Pride redundant, too." - Browne, K., 2018 

Discrimination With Concealable Characteristics: Evidence and Application to Sexual Orientation in the United States                  "This paper studies discrimination and sexual orientation in the United States using a "concealable characteristics" framework. I present a basic model to formalize this approach with emphasis on the implications for research designs and measurement procedures. Empirical evidence, using a novel instrument for homosexuality, finds that men who are more likely to develop homosexual attraction and are born in more discriminatory areas are less likely to develop same-sex relationships are more likely to make socially conservative identity investments." (Preliminary and Incomplete Study) - Mueller-Smith, M., 2013

Inventing a Gay Agenda: Students' Perceptions of Lesbian and Gay Professors                                                                           "Students’ perceptions of lesbian and gay professors were examined in 2 studies (Ns = 622 and 545). An ethnically diverse sample of undergraduates read and responded to a syllabus for a proposed Psychology of Human Sexuality course. Syllabuses varied according to the political ideology, carefulness, sexual orientation, and gender of the professor. Students rated professors on dimensions such as political bias, professional competence, and warmth. Lesbian and gay professors were rated as having a political agenda, compared to heterosexual professors with the same syllabus. Student responses differed according to their homonegativity and modern homonegativity scores. The findings from these studies suggest that students may use different criteria to evaluate lesbian, gay, and heterosexual professors’ ability to approach courses objectively." - Anderson, K., Kanner, M., 2011.

Searching for Gaydar: Blind Spots in the Study of Sexual Orientation Perception                                                                               "There is a growing debate in the research literature and subsequently in the news media and public about the accuracy and utility of ‘gaydar’. Although many gaydar studies report that people can accurately and quickly guess a person’s sexual orientation without direct knowledge, there are others that suggest gaydar can be inaccurate and stereotype-based. Most recently, research on the use of gaydar in artificial intelligence sparked a public outcry about the application and production of gaydar research suggesting that the study of gaydar is a high-stakes public issue in today’s world." - Miller, A., 2018 

Answers to Your Questions For a Better Understanding of Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality                                                             "Since 1975, the American Psychological Association has called on psychologists to take the lead in removing the stigma of mental illness that has long been associated with lesbian, gay, and bisexual orientations. The discipline of psychology is concerned with the well-being of people and groups and therefore with threats to that well-being." - APA, 2008
[Retrieved September 19, 2007]

How Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youth Develop Positive Identities During Adolescence and Young Adulthood                                "This qualitative study was designed to examine the ways in which gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents form positive identities, specifically in strength-based ways looking at factors of resilience. Twelve individuals, aged 22-28, were interviewed to give retrospective information about their adolescent development. By utilizing a semi-structured interview model for this study, the researcher was able to analyze the subjective findings utilizing thematic analysis. Significant findings include the influential nature of one’s first disclosure of sexual orientation in the development of one’s identity, and the positive impact that role models have for gay, lesbian, and bisexual youth during adolescence." - Millerd, L., 2014

Gay Rights                                                                                                                                                                                                   "There’s never been a better time to be gay, except in a handful of places where it’s become worse. Gay-rights activists have made historic gains in a fraction of the time it took the movements for civil rights and women’s rights. Two generations ago, the idea that homosexuals could marry was unthinkable. Today, same-sex marriage exists in more than two dozen countries." - Krause-Jackson, F., 2019

Queer Theory Now and the Pleasure of Movement                                                                                                                                  "Queer theory emerged in the midst of crisis in the late 1980s and early 1990s: as the HIV/AIDS epidemic raged, scholars and activists sought to disrupt the stigmatization and erasure of LGBTQ lives in the Reagan/Thatcher era. In centering sexuality within cultural analysis, queer theory built on foundations established by the feminist and gay liberation movements, both of which were gaining institutional footholds through the founding of Women’s Studies and later Lesbian and Gay Studies programs in many major universities." - Bradway, T., & McCallum, E., 2019

updated: 16 April 2019, Viray, M.