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Religion and Science: Home


Use For :

  • Christianity and Science
  • Geology and religion
  • Science and religion

Broader Term :

  • Science

Narrower Terms :

  • Electricity – Religious Aspects
  • Evolution – Religious Aspects
  • Natural Theology
  • Nature – Religious Aspects


Religion and Science

Scope Note

Religion – is about belief, meaning, and purpose. According to the Episcopal Church, the stories of creation in Genesis “should not be understood as historical and scientific accounts of origins but as proclamations of basic theological truths about creation. “Creation” in Holy Scriptures refers to and describes the relationship between God and all God’s wonderful works.” Religious truths are evaluated by an appeal to authority by contextualization in history, by their philosophical coherence, even by their psychological and emotional resonance with life and experience.

Science – is the study of the material processes, and forces of the natural world. Science is not about belief, it is about how things work. One cannot “believe” in science or “believe” in evolution. Science is about the exploration of natural causes to explain natural phenomena. Science is empirical which means that question of truth are established through experimenting and testing. There are no absolutes in science; all issues are open to retesting and reconsideration.

Science is the attempt to discover, by means of observation, and reasoning based upon it, first, particular facts about the world, and then laws connecting facts with one another and (in fortunate cases) making it possible to predict future occurrences. Connected with this theoretical aspect of scientific technique, which utilizes scientific knowledge to produce comforts and luxuries that were impossible, or at least much more expensive, in a pre-scientific era. Religion. Considered socially, is a more complex phenomenon that science. Each of the great historical religions has three aspects : 1) a Church, 2) a creed, and 3) a code of personal morals. The relative importance of these three elements has varied greatly in different times and places.
(Source: Religion and Science. Michael Ruse. BL 240.2 R87 1997, 7th floor, Circulation Section)

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