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Intal, Ponciano M. Jr., Ph. D.: Home


Dr. Ponciano S. Intal Jr.

Scope Note

     Accessible on the net, this webliography consists of selected papers and articles written by Dr. Ponciano S. Intal, Jr. Some of the publications were written with other authors. 

   Ponciano S. Intal, Jr. received his PhD in Economics from Yale University in Connecticut, USA.  He was previously affliated with National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) and Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS) in the Philippines. Before joining ERIA, he served De La Salle University for eleven years as a professor and executive director for Angelo King Institute.  His research focuses on international trade, agriculture, macroeconomic, and poverty.

   His expertise focuses on international trade and economic relations, agro-industrial adjustment, agricultural pricing and R&D policy, macroeconomic policy and poverty and inclusive growth.  

     He graduated Bachelor of Science in Business Administration in 1970 at Mindanao State University (Summa Cum Laude), Master of Arts in Economics in 1978 at University of the Philippines.




Internet Sites

ASEAN and the Challenge of Closer Economic Integration
[Retrieved June 16, 2007]

This paper showed that despite the lackluster performance of the ASEAN in the field of economic cooperation until the 1980's, the ASEAN member countries have decided to invigorate it and vested in it more ambitious goals of economic cooperation among the members. The author stated that "as ASEAN moves towards a free trade area, there are correlative concerns that need to be addressed jointly by the member countries in order to ensure the success of the free trade area."

Beyond Liberalization of Trade in Goods: Alternative Strategies for Regional Trade and Investment Facilitation
[Retrieved June 16, 2007]

Jointly written by Ponciano S. Intal, Jr. and Christopher Findlay, this paper discussed that the significant reduction of tariffs on trade in goods has been one of the important international trade policy developments in world economy during the past decade. Within the APEC Region the authors argued for the application of a number of principles in the facilitation program which include the importance of maintaining its consistency with multilateral initiatives, and the value of an integrated approach to liberalization, facilitation and economic and technical cooperation.

Beyond WTO: Meeting the Challenges of the New Trade and Environment Regime Perspectives from the Philippines and the ASEAN
[Retrieved June 16, 2007:]

Consisting of three main sections, "this paper reviewed the current discussion in the WTO on reconciling environment-related trade measures and trade-related environment measures with the rules of the multilateral trading systems, using the principle of subsidiarity and the general rule of optimal intervention. Section one of this paper looked into the debate on key issues at the Committee on Trade and Environment of the WTO; section two, tackled the economic growth, environmental protection, and international competitiveness in the context of the Philippines and the other ASEAN countries. The last section discussed the �greening" of the international trading system and the ASEAN response."

Can the Philippines Improve its International Competitiveness? Focus on industrial relations, trade and production costs, and infrastructure investment
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

"The next millennium is foreseen to give rise to a highly competitive global market where countries are compelled to shape up to survive the trade race. The Philippines, which aspires to achieve the status of a tiger economy at the turn of the century, is faced with the difficult challenge of competing with economies far more economically developed and definitely more advanced in technologies. How can the country face up to the challenge? "Sharpen our competitive edge" is the common stand of government policymakers. In this paper, the author analyzed and recommended some logical moves the government can take in three pivotal areas, namely, industrial relations, trade and production, and infrastructure investment."

A Decomposition Analysis of Philippine Export and Import Performance, 1974-1982
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

This paper presented preliminary results of a decomposition analysis of Philippine export and import using the Balassa (1981) framework in estimating the balance of payments effects of external shocks and policy responses to these shocks. The study covered the export and import performance during 1974-1982 when the Philippines experienced huge trade deficits and mounting external debt.

Deepening the Asia-Europe Partnership
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

This article was based on the working document used during the second policy dialogue among economic experts in Asia-Pacific region, which was hosted by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies or PIDS on February 13, 1996. Tackled in this paper were two themes, namely: furthering APEC and European economic liberalization, and redefining development cooperation. The paper also looked into the role of Japan in the new Asia-Europe partnership.

The East Asian Crisis and Philippine Sustainable Development
[Retrieved June 16, 2007]

Divided into four sections, "this paper written by Ponciano S. Intal Jr. and Erlinda M. Medalla, presented an analysis of the impact of East Asia's financial crisis on sustainable development challenges facing the Philippines. Section one gave an overview of the East Asian economic and financial crisis; section two looked at the Philippine economic performance and prospects in the light of the East Asian crisis; section three explored the actual or potential impact of the crisis on the Philippine social development and on the country's environment and natural resources sector. The final section brought out the implications of the crisis and El Nino on a number of policy and institutional challenges facing the country especially in the areas of water resources, upland and costal areas, and the urban environment."

The International Economic Development and the Philippine Economy
[Retrieved June 16, 2007]

Written by Ponciano S. Intal and Leilanie Q. Basilio, "this paper discussed the two most important developments in the international economic environment facing the Philippines now and in the future; namely, (1) openness, integration and globalization including the sharp resurgence of capital movements; and 2) the rise of Asia Pacific and China."

Organizing for Results: The Philippine Agricultural Sector
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

This paper proposed "a set of policy and institutional reforms to reverse the weak performance of agriculture in the 1980's The authors� reform proposals were focused on three aspects: 1) completing the deregulation of the sector; 2) improving the allocation of public funds across policy instruments; and 3) restructuring the agricultural bureaucracy. The agricultural reforms were designed to lay the foundation for an efficient incentive structure and institutional structure of support-service delivery, leading to rapid and sustained long-term growth."

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Trade Facilitation

[Retrieved September 18, 2018]

As the intra-ASEAN tariffs are virtually eliminated, it is the non-tariff measures and trade costs associated with moving goods and services across border that hinder intra-ASEAN trade. This paper focuses on reviewing the state of trade facilitation initiatives in ASEAN, especially on customs modernization, National Single Window, and National Trade Repository. 

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Investment Liberalization

[Retrieved September 18, 2018]

Investment liberalization is central for ASEAN to attract greater FDI inflows and intra-region direct investment flows. This paper focuses on measuring and examining the progress and challenges in the implementation of the investment liberalization initiatives in the AEC Blueprint 2009–2015. It also draws on country reports produced as part of the AEC Scorecard Project regarding other constraints on creating much better investment regimes in selected ASEAN countries. 

AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Standards and Conformance

[Retrieved September 18, 2018]

Written by Rully Prassetya and Ponciano S. Intal Jr., this paper aims to evaluate the progress and challenges of S&C initiatives implementation in three ASEAN priority integration sectors, namely, the automotive sector, the electrical and electronic equipment sector, and the health sector (cosmetics, medical devices, and pharmaceutical). 

Can Thinking Green and Sustainability Be an Economic Opportunity for ASEAN?

[Retrieved September 18, 2018]

ASEAN member states (AMS) are confronted by serious environmental problems that threaten to undermine future growth and regional stability. This paper considers four major environmental challenges that policymakers across ASEAN will need to address towards 2030: water management, deforestation and land degradation, air pollution, and climate change.

Monitoring and Evaluation of Agricultural Policy Indicators

[Retrieved September 18, 2018]

This study proposes a set of indicators for monitoring and evaluation of agricultural policy, patterned after the support estimates of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The main indicators are: producer support (incorporating indirect market support, and direct input support through irrigation, credit, and land transfer); general services support; and public expenditures for agriculture. 

Rice Prices and the National Food Authority

[Retrieved September 18, 2018]

Written by Ponciano Intal, Jr., Leah Francine Cu and Jo Anne Illescas, this study examines the performance of the NFA with respect to its function of price stability, its implications for public finances, and recommends policy reforms where warranted. 

Distortions to Agricultural Incentives in the Philippines

[Retrieved April 1, 2019]

Written by Cristina David, Ponciano Intal, and Arsenio Balisacan.  The study shows that there are no indications that the Philippine government will move towards greater trade liberalization in agriculture in the near future. In the current negotiations under the Doha Round, efforts are being made to retain the relatively high level of tariff protection on the major import competing agricultural commodities. 

Organizing for Results: The Philippine Agricultural Sector

[Retrieved April 1, 2019]

Philippine agriculture performed poorly in the 1980s. The average annual growth rate declined from 4.8 percent in the 1970s to 2.1 percent, lower than the population growth rate. As a result, export surpluses dwindled and agricultural imports rose. Wrtitten by Cristina C. David, Eliseo R. Ponce, and Ponciano S. Intal, Jr.

Towards a Well-Integrated and Connected Global ASEAN by 2025

[Retrieved April 1, 2019]

This is a presentation of Dr. Ponciano Intal Jr. during the 6 th ASEAN-CER Integration Partnership Forum Auckland held at  New Zealand on May 31, 2017.

Trade, Inclusive Growth and Inclusive Policy Making

[Retrieved April 1, 2019]

The paper presents the view that ensuring that international trade promotes inclusive growth entails more than trade liberalization and competitiveness; indeed, it calls for complementary measures in both policy and institution building such that economic growth from greater trade and economic engagement with the rest of the world benefits more people and at the same time improves further the country’s international competitiveness. 

Globalization, Adjustment and the Challenge of Inclusive Growth: Boosting Inclusive Growth and Industrial Upgrading in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam​

[Retrieved April 1, 2019]

This paper written by Dr. Ponciano S. Intal, Jr. & Mr. Miguel Roberto V. Borromeo which  aims to expand the understanding of the challenges of inclusive growth in the face of increased economic integration and rising pressures for industrial upgrading in most of Southeast Asia. The research focuses on selected important issues in the task of making globalization work for workers and firms.