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Austria, Myrna S., Ph. D.: Home


Dr. Myrna S. Austria

Scope Note

     Accessible on the net, this webliography consists of selected papers and articles written by Dr. Myrna S. Austria. Some of the publications were written with other authors.

     "A senior research fellow, Dr. Myrna S. Austria, is currently the Dean of the College of Business and Economics, De La Salle University-Manila and former Director of the Center for Business and Economics Research and Development (CBERD). Prior to joining the academe, she was a Senior Research Fellow at the Philippine Institute for Development Studies and the Director of the Philippine APEC Study Center Network (PASCN) Secretariat. She was also involved in regional economic planning during her stint with the National Economic and Development Authority. Her areas of specialization include: trade, investment and industrial policy, development economics, international trade, competition policy, and regional integration. She has published journal articles, monographs and chapters in books along these areas. She finished Doctor of Philosophy in Economics and Master of Economic Development at the Australian National University and obtained her Bachelor of Arts Major in Economics from St Louis University."


Internet Sites

AFTA and beyond What Drives Economic Integration in ASEAN?
[Retrieved July 17, 2008]

"This article presents three different processes that shaped integration efforts in ASEAN over the years after the ASEAN reaches its original target of a free trade area (FTA) in 2002. The ASEAN is again embarking on yet another ambitious goal - an ASEAN Economic Community by 2020, which would mean deeper regional economic integration. It addresses the factors and forces that drive economic integration in the region."

Assessing the Competitiveness of the Philippine IT Industry
[Retrieved July 11, 2008]

"This paper examines the competitiveness of the Philippine information technology (IT) industry vis-a-vis its emerging competitors and neighboring countries in the region. While the industry boasts of being the largest foreign exchange earner for the country, it suffers from structural weaknesses that unless addressed, its long-term competitiveness is at risk; more so that the country's competitors are increasing their stake in the world IT market much faster than the country. Infrastructural and institutional bottlenecks and the inadequacy of the educational system to meet the human resource requirements of the industry have remained a severe constraint to its long-term growth. With the accelerating global technology race, opportunities for the country to upgrade its competitive position have become much more difficult. Some cross-cutting strategies are identified to lessen or overcome such difficulties and keep the industry's present edge."

Competition in the Domestic Air Transport Industry: Can it be sustained without competition policy?
[Retrieved July 15, 2008]

"This Policy Notes examines the effects of the domestic competition brought about by the deregulation of the air transport industry in the Philippines. It also identifies the areas where competition policy and regulations have remained undefined, but are crucial for the continuity and effectiveness of the competition that the industry now enjoys."

Competitiveness of the Philippine IT Industry: What Lies Ahead
[Retrieved July 16, 2008]

"This paper briefly examines what lies ahead for the Philippine information technology (IT) industry and offers strategies to keep the industry's present edge despite the fact that it has developed into one of the fast-growing and important industries of the country where it boasts of currently being the largest foreign exchange earner for the country. However, became an enabling technology for the development of the country, penetrating and linking businesses, industries, households, individuals and government, as information technology continues to pervade in all sectors of society."

East Asian Regional Cooperation: Approaches and Processes
[Retrieved July 11, 2008]

"This paper attempts to address the new interest in finding new arrangements for cooperation in the proliferation of bilateral and regional trading arrangement initiatives across East Asia. It examines the factors behind the growing sense of regionalism in the region; analyzes the approaches and processes of regional cooperation, highlighting the elements and features that distinguish and set the region apart from the other major regional cooperation in the world; and explores the possibilities of where will the growing regional cooperation initiatives lead East Asia."

The Effects of the MFA Phase Out on the Philippine Garments and Textiles Industries
[Retrieved July 15, 2008]

"This paper answers the issue of the country's garments and textiles industries in the face of the abolition of Multi- Fibre Arrangement (SMFA). It analyzes the export performance of the industries during the MFA years focusing on the role of quota and the administration of the quota in the country. It also analyzes the export markets, prospects for survival in quota-less world, investments in the garments and textiles industries and the benefits to the country from the phase out."

The Emerging Philippine Investment Environment
[Retrieved July 15, 2008]

"This paper examines trends in foreign direct investment in the country and the effectiveness of the Philippine investment incentive system. Maintaining strong inflows of foreign direct investment and an efficient pattern of overall investment will be vital if the Philippines is to sustain the improved economic performance that it achieved in the mid- to late 1990s."

Enhancement and Deepening of the Competitiveness of the Philippine Electronics Industry Under a Bilateral Setting.
[Retrieved July 11, 2008]

"This paper presents the participation of the Philippines in the global production network of multinational electronic companies. It shows that the country is competitive in only 3 sub-sectors: semiconductors, electronic data processing and automotive electronics. In terms of products, the country is competitive in 18 products only and these are parts and components. It also includes a comparison of the country's competitiveness with its competitors and major trading partners from East Asia shows that each economy is specializing on a particular product."

Investment Liberalization and Facilitation in the Asia Pacific: Can APEC Make a Difference?
[Retrieved July 17, 2008]

"This paper are assesses the role of APEC as an institution in promoting investment liberalization and facilitation in the region, focusing on the process and the mechanisms by which it makes progress towards its goal of free and open investment; and identifies areas where APEC can advance further towards the realization of its goal through the APEC process itself and other multilateral efforts on investment, in particular, the new WTO round."

Liberalization and Deregulation in the Domestic Shipping Industry: Effects on Competition and Market Structure

"The domestic shipping industry has been highly regulated until policy reforms were instituted beginning in the 1990s in response to the continuing inefficiency. The reforms came through the deregulation of the passage and freight rates and the liberalization of route entry. This study examines the effects of these policy reforms on competition and market structure. The scope of the paper is limited to the interisland liner shipping industry, because this is the sector of the industry where regulation is highly concentrated and whose viability is highly sensitive to government policy. In addition, the study covers only shipping transport which refers to the actual transportation service performed once the commodity or passenger is on board a ship until the ship reaches its port of destination."

Liberalization and Regional Integration: The Philippines' Strategy for Global Competitiveness
[Retrieved July 11, 2008]

"This paper presented at the workshop on "Inter-regional Approaches to Globalization: East Asian and Latin American Experiences" held in Santiago, Chile, 30-31 October 2000 examines the policies pursued by the Philippines in response to the increasing economic integration and interdependence of nations and regions around the world, focusing in particular on the country's multitrack approach to trade and investment liberalization. The country's experience points to the importance of domestic policies that foster domestic efficiency and competitiveness before one can participate in regional and multilateral integration and face global competition."

Liberalization of the Philippine International Air Transport Industry: Que Paso?
[Retrieved July 15, 2008]

"This Policy Notes seeks some answers to the country's liberalization and deregulation policy for the international air transport industry. It examines the regulation and policies of the country and their effects on the state of competition in and market structure of the Philippine international air transport industry. In particular, it identifies areas where reforms are needed, especially in terms of competition policy."

Looking Beyond AFTA: Prospects and Challenges for Inter-Regional Trade
[Retrieved July 14, 2008]

"This paper examines the prospects and challenges for expanding ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) for inter-regional trade by first identifying the elements and principles that should govern such an expansion for it to contribute toward global liberalization. Areas for inter-regional linkages are also identified, highlighting the issues and conflicts that may arise considering the differing objectives and scope that AFTA has with the other trade blocs with which it may want to develop an inter-regional linkage."

Philippine Domestic Shipping Industry: State of Competition and Market Structure
[Retrieved July 14, 2008]

"This study examines the inefficiency of Philippine domestic shipping industry in terms of the complex interaction between regulation and competition; and the effects of the reforms on competition and market structure. It examined the conflicting forces of past government regulations and competition and their impact on the industry."

Philippine Productivity Performance in the 1990s: An Assessment
[Retrieved July 14, 2008]

"This paper examines the total factor productivity performance (TFP) of the Philippines in the 1990s in order to provide a picture of the extent of the productivity concern that needs to be addressed in the Medium-Term National Action Agenda for Productivity, 2000-2004. The findings show that while the average TFP growth of the country has improved in the 1990s, it has nonetheless remained negative, a big contrast to the favorable productivity performance of the other ASEAN-Four. Positive productivity performance was, however, registered during the trade liberalization period of 1986-1996. Among the different sectors, only mining, manufacturing and utilities registered positive TFP performance. Key issues and research gaps that need to be addressed were also identified."

The Philippines in the Global Trading Environment: Looking Back and the Road Ahead
[Retrieved July 14, 2008]

"This paper argues that the effect of international trade on Philippine's economic growth depends largely on how much of that trade is linked to the domestic economic activity. It addresses the issue that the fundamental policy issue for the government is not one of more or less trade liberalization, but how best to extract from the country's participation in the global trading system the elements that will promote economic development, especially now that the global trading environment is becoming much more complex than what it was two decades ago. It includes the opportunities as well as the challenges that lie ahead for the country under the emerging more complex global trading environment. It also addresses the opportunities as well as the challenges that lie ahead for the country under the emerging more complex global trading environment ."

Policy Adjustments to Exploit Opportunities in WTO, APEC and AFTA: Tradable Goods Sector
[Retrieved July 15, 2008]

"The objective of this paper is to analyze the implications of these recent trade policy developments and present a forward-looking approach on how best the business sector and the government can respond and adapt to these changes amidst the ongoing crisis in the region. It discusses the emerging Philippine trade environment, including the recent regional developments that are expected to affect Philippine trade. This is followed by an analysis of the overall trade performance and the performance of the sectors to be affected by the new agreements. The potential gains the emerging trading environment may bring to the country are also discussed. Finally, the action agenda for both the business sector and the government on how to optimize the potential gains are addressed."

Productivity Growth in the Philippines After the Industrial Reforms
[Retrieved July 15, 2008]

"This paper examines the country's productivity performance and analyzes whether or not trade and investment policies have had a significant impact on productivity growth. It explains specifically if there has there been an improvement in TFP during the industrial and investment reform period and what explain changes in TFP growth. It also presents a review of existing literature on the productivity performance of developing countries, focusing on the ASEAN, and the effects which their trade and investment policies have had on their productivity growth. This is followed by the theoretical specification of the model and a discussion of the estimation results, including the factors affecting TFP growth. The policy challenges beyond 2000 are then addressed."

The State of Competition and Market Structure of the Philippine Air Transport Industry
[Retrieved July 14, 2008]

"This paper examines the regulatory and policy regimes of the Philippine air transport industry and their effects on the state of competition and market structure of the industry. The paper has identified areas where competition policy should be defined to introduce competition where there is none and to ensure that competition where it exists is effective."

A Study on the Trade and Investment Policies of Developing Countries: The Case of the Philippines
[Retrieved July 15, 2008]

"This paper analyzes the trade and investment policies of the Philippines and how they have affected the growth and structure of the economy. It also analyzes the effects of the country's trade and investment policies on the performance of manufacturing companies and the trends of the Philippine- Japan economic relations focusing on trade, investments and development assistance and indicates some possible directions regarding the future role of Japan in Philippine development."

Textile and Garment Industries: Impact of Trade Policy Reforms on Performance, Competitiveness and Structure
[Retrieved July 15, 2008]

"This study focuses on the garments and the textile industries. It seeks to analyze the performance, efficiency, competitiveness, and structure of the garments and the textile industries. In particular, it examines the response of individual firms to the trade reforms and analyzes the extent to which the reforms have fostered greater competition and efficiency in the use of resources. To examine the effects, a "before and after comparison" was made on the performance of the firms. Factors affecting inter firm differences in efficiency and competitiveness were then identified. Finally, policy recommendations are made to enhance the industries' efficiency and competitiveness."