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Intal, Ponciano M. Jr., Ph. D.  

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Dr. Ponciano S. Intal Jr.


Scope Note

     Accessible on the net, this webliography consists of selected papers and articles written by Dr. Ponciano S. Intal, Jr. Some of the publications were written with other authors. 

     With specializations in development policy, international trade, macroeconomics, agricultural economics, development economics, environment and trade and international economics, Dr. Ponciano Intal, Jr. is a full-time professor at the Economics Department of the College of Business and Economics, De La Salle University-Manila. He obtained his Ph.D. Degree in Economics and his Master's Degree in Philippine Economics and Master of Arts in Economics from Yale University. He finished his Master of Arts Degree in Economics from the University of the Philippines-Diliman, Quezon City and his Bachelor's Degree of Science in Business Administration from the Mindanao State University. Dr. Intal is currently the Executive Director of Angelo King Institute for Business, Economics, Research and Development (AKIBERD).



Internet Sites

Adjusting to the New Trade and Environment Paradigm : The Case of the Philippines
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

Divided into six sections, this paper was jointly written by Dr.Ponciano Intal, Jr. and Paul Quintos. It sought to contribute to a deeper understanding of the issue of sustainable development in the country by exploring the linkage between environment and trade both at home and internationally from the perspective of the Philippines. This paper also appeared in the Journal of Philippine Development, XXI:58 Second semesters, 1994.

ASEAN and the Challenge of Closer Economic Integration
[Retrieved June 16, 2007]

This paper showed that despite the lackluster performance of the ASEAN in the field of economic cooperation until the 1980's, the ASEAN member countries have decided to invigorate it and vested in it more ambitious goals of economic cooperation among the members. The author stated that "as ASEAN moves towards a free trade area, there are correlative concerns that need to be addressed jointly by the member countries in order to ensure the success of the free trade area."

Beyond Liberalization of Trade in Goods: Alternative Strategies for Regional Trade and Investment Facilitation
[Retrieved June 16, 2007]

Jointly written by Ponciano S. Intal, Jr. and Christopher Findlay, this paper discussed that the significant reduction of tariffs on trade in goods has been one of the important international trade policy developments in world economy during the past decade. Within the APEC Region the authors argued for the application of a number of principles in the facilitation program which include the importance of maintaining its consistency with multilateral initiatives, and the value of an integrated approach to liberalization, facilitation and economic and technical cooperation.

Beyond WTO: Meeting the Challenges of the New Trade and Environment Regime Perspectives from the Philippines and the ASEAN
[Retrieved June 16, 2007:]

Consisting of three main sections, "this paper reviewed the current discussion in the WTO on reconciling environment-related trade measures and trade-related environment measures with the rules of the multilateral trading systems, using the principle of subsidiarity and the general rule of optimal intervention. Section one of this paper looked into the debate on key issues at the Committee on Trade and Environment of the WTO; section two, tackled the economic growth, environmental protection, and international competitiveness in the context of the Philippines and the other ASEAN countries. The last section discussed the �greening" of the international trading system and the ASEAN response."

Can the Philippines Improve its International Competitiveness? Focus on industrial relations, trade and production costs, and infrastructure investment
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

"The next millennium is foreseen to give rise to a highly competitive global market where countries are compelled to shape up to survive the trade race. The Philippines, which aspires to achieve the status of a tiger economy at the turn of the century, is faced with the difficult challenge of competing with economies far more economically developed and definitely more advanced in technologies. How can the country face up to the challenge? "Sharpen our competitive edge" is the common stand of government policymakers. In this paper, the author analyzed and recommended some logical moves the government can take in three pivotal areas, namely, industrial relations, trade and production, and infrastructure investment."

A Decomposition Analysis of Philippine Export and Import Performance, 1974-1982
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

This paper presented preliminary results of a decomposition analysis of Philippine export and import using the Balassa (1981) framework in estimating the balance of payments effects of external shocks and policy responses to these shocks. The study covered the export and import performance during 1974-1982 when the Philippines experienced huge trade deficits and mounting external debt.

Deepening the Asia-Europe Partnership
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

This article was based on the working document used during the second policy dialogue among economic experts in Asia-Pacific region, which was hosted by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies or PIDS on February 13, 1996. Tackled in this paper were two themes, namely: furthering APEC and European economic liberalization, and redefining development cooperation. The paper also looked into the role of Japan in the new Asia-Europe partnership.

The East Asian Crisis and Philippine Sustainable Development
[Retrieved June 16, 2007]

Divided into four sections, "this paper written by Ponciano S. Intal Jr. and Erlinda M. Medalla, presented an analysis of the impact of East Asia's financial crisis on sustainable development challenges facing the Philippines. Section one gave an overview of the East Asian economic and financial crisis; section two looked at the Philippine economic performance and prospects in the light of the East Asian crisis; section three explored the actual or potential impact of the crisis on the Philippine social development and on the country's environment and natural resources sector. The final section brought out the implications of the crisis and El Nino on a number of policy and institutional challenges facing the country especially in the areas of water resources, upland and costal areas, and the urban environment."

The International Economic Development and the Philippine Economy
[Retrieved June 16, 2007]

Written by Ponciano S. Intal and Leilanie Q. Basilio, "this paper discussed the two most important developments in the international economic environment facing the Philippines now and in the future; namely, (1) openness, integration and globalization including the sharp resurgence of capital movements; and 2) the rise of Asia Pacific and China."

The Macroeconomic Policy Environment of Philippine Agricultural Performance
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

"This paper discussed briefly key aspects of the macroeconomic environment that shape the pace and pattern of agricultural performance in the Philippines, namely, the macro price environment, trade policy and the manufacturing sector, and the role of the government. It also suggested some policy directions."

Organizing for Results: The Philippine Agricultural Sector
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

This paper proposed "a set of policy and institutional reforms to reverse the weak performance of agriculture in the 1980's The authors� reform proposals were focused on three aspects: 1) completing the deregulation of the sector; 2) improving the allocation of public funds across policy instruments; and 3) restructuring the agricultural bureaucracy. The agricultural reforms were designed to lay the foundation for an efficient incentive structure and institutional structure of support-service delivery, leading to rapid and sustained long-term growth."

Strategic Actions to Rapidly Ensure Food Security and Rural Growth in the Philippines
[Retrieved November 13, 2007]

Written by V. Bruce J. Tolentino, Cristina C. David, Arsenio M. Balisacan and Ponciano Intal Jr, this paper outlined strategic actions to ensure food security and rural growth in the Philippines. Success in the implementation of the proposed strategy will secure not only adequate, cheaper food supplies, increased rural employment and incomes and reduced poverty for all, but also rapid and sustainable advances in urban and economy-wide growth.

Visions for Philippines 2000: The Challenge of Economic Restructuring Toward Sustained Economic Growth
[Retrieved July 3, 2007]

In order for the country to attain the vision of economic "tigerhood" under Philippines 2000, this paper advanced that the country and government (1) understand and situate the parameters of Philippine development in the context of the Asian region; 2) rethink Philippine agricultural development; 3) strengthen Philippine industry and tradable services; and 4) invest in people, institutions, technology and the environment. The paper concluded with some remarks the implications on the social science and information research community.


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